Jul
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Severe windstorm studies have shown that storm-related damage can be prevented or minimized. The keys to this are windstorm preparation planning in advance of the storm and organized action during and after the storm. A…

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Jun
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Floors and walls designed as fire separations have been recognized for many years as efficient tools for restricting fires to the area of origin or limiting fire spread. Prior to 1900, relative fire safety was…

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May
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• 1,584,500 fires attended by public fire departments, decrease of 6.1% from 2002 (1,734,500) – ½ of 1976 • 519,500 structure fires, increase of 0.1% from 2002 (519,000) • Of these structure fires, 401,000 or…

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Apr
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Aerosols are grouped into Levels 1, 2 and 3. Level 1 aerosols are predominately water-based (a good example is shaving cream) and their fire hazard is about the same as ordinary combustible goods in cartons.…

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Feb
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Typically, we consider fire protection as a combination of adequate physical protection and implementation of loss control programs which in combination help to reduce the number of fires and minimize the extent of damage should…

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Jan
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The electrical demands in industrial or commercial buildings vary from simple lighting and heating requirements for an office building to major on-site power distribution centers for a steel mill, semiconductor plant or other large manufacturing…

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Oct
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Roof vents were originally used as an aid to fire fighting in unsprinklered buildings. When a fire occurs, the smoke and hot gases rise until they reach the ceiling. They then spread outward and down…

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Sep
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Cooling towers are very common in commercial/industrial occupancies. They may be used to for air conditioning needs or for process cooling for certain types of production equipment. Towers used for process cooling can be an…

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Feb
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Mezzanines are commonly used to maximize building space and ergonomics in both production and storage areas. The need for automatic sprinkler protection beneath a mezzanine with a solid deck/floor is rarely questioned when the occupancy…

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Dec
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Wildfires have always been a concern in the United States. There have been recent wildfires in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Florida. Wildfires can cause ignition to a building by: flying embers landing and igniting…

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Nov
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There was a time when hydraulic design of automatic sprinkler systems was unusual. The process was cumbersome and time consuming even for the simplest of pipe arrangements. Access to computers capable of assisting in this…

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Oct
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When most companies think of a disaster recovery program, the first issue that comes to mind is EDP operations. Do we have backup data or hot sites available? Is replacement equipment readily available? However, there…

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Sep
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Automatic sprinklers are the most effective fire protection in buildings overall available. Based on studies and loss experience, when sprinklers are present, the chances of dying in a fire and the average property loss per…

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Aug
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A hot topic involved in sprinkler design and installation is ESFR (Early Suppression Fast-Response) sprinklers. ESFR sprinklers have many benefits when it comes to warehouses and other storage facilities, however it is also important to…

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Jul
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Heat transfer systems are used widely throughout various industries. Their most common use is in chemical processes where temperature control is needed for large quantities of materials. The greatest concern is where the heat transfer…

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May
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While they can be found in various occupancies including plastic injection molding, petroleum based hydraulic fluids are often used in metal working facilities. In most metal working operations, combustible loading is normally very low. The…

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