May 2024

NFPA’s Fire Loss Statistics in the United States During 2022

Estimated reading time: 3 minutes

Each year in September or October the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)publishes the annual fire loss report in the US for the year prior. The 2022 report was published in November 2023.

There were several significant fires in 2023, many of which were referenced in our Risk Insurance Briefs (RIBs). These large fire losses resulted in significant property damage and business interruption, as well as the loss of many lives and jobs.

According to the NFPA Fire Loss Report for 2022:

  • A fire department responded to a fire somewhere in the U.S. every 21 seconds.
  • A total of 1,504,500 fires were attended by public fire departments. This is  ~150,000 more than in 2021, an 11% increase.
  • Of the total, 522,500, or 35% were structure fires, which is 36,000 (7%) more than 2021.
  • 382,500 (73%) of structure fires occurred in residential buildings, which is 21,500 (6%) more than in 2021.
  • A civilian death occurred on average every two hours and 19 minutes, totaling 3,790  deaths: 10 less than in 2021.
  • 2,910 civilian deaths occurred during structure fires, which is 100 less than in 2021.
  • 2,760 of the civilian deaths occurred in residential buildings: 80 less than in 2021.
  • Property damage as a result of fires totaled an estimated $18 billion: $2.1 billion more than in 2021.
  • Property damage as a result of structure fires was $15.0 billion.
  • Property damage figures do not include business interruption.

Residential structure fires occurred every 93 seconds, in total causing ~$11.0 billion in property loss, which is a 26% increase from 2021. Non-residential structure fires (140,000; an increase of 14,500 from 2021) totaled ~$4.1 billion in property damages, which is a 14% increase from 2021.

Properly designed and maintained automatic sprinkler protection is the best protection against a fire. Automatic sprinklers protect lives, property, earnings, and jobs.

Please contact Risk Logic to have a property loss control engineer visit your facility. We can review automatic sprinkler protection systems to determine if they are adequately designed for the use and storage provided at your facility.

Reference Document:

Fire loss in the United States | NFPA Research