Category: Occupancy and Operations
Sep
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What are spray dryers? Spray drying is a method of rapidly drying a liquid mixture or slurry into a dry powder using a hot gas. Spray dryers are often used in the food, pharmaceutical and…

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Aug
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On August 4, 2020, a large amount of ammonium nitrate stored at the Port of Beirut in Lebanon accidentally exploded, killing more than 200 people, injuring over 6,000 and causing miles worth of structural damage.…

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Jul
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Tire manufacturing is a complex process, but can be broken down into three main processes: tire preparation, tire production and tire building. Preparation includes fabric cord manufacturing, bead and belt steel cord manufacturing and Banbury…

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Apr
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Aircraft hangars are primarily used for either aircraft assembly or maintenance.  In this article, we will just focus on maintenance (or servicing) hangars. The hazards of maintenance hangars can be fairly obvious.  Aircraft are assumed…

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Aug
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The textile industry can generally be divided into two manufacturing process; raw fiber to yarn production and yarn to finished garments production. Both types of textile manufacturing pose similar fire and property damage hazards.  Raw…

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Jun
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Printing Operations can be divided into four production processes: Letterpress Printing, Silk Screen Printing, Gravure Printing and Lithographic Printing. All types of printing production pose similar fire and property damage hazards, mainly separation and ventilation,…

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Jan
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Most people are aware that organic materials such as flour and sugar dust can cause large explosions. However, many types of metal dust are also explosive. Aluminum, bronze, magnesium, silicon and zinc can all have…

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Dec
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Every day we touch something made from paper. The box we got our internet order in, the paper you put in the printer, the carton your cereal is in and so many other items. Paper…

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Oct
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Transformers can be either dry type or fluid filled. In this article, we will talk about fluid filled  transformers and, in particular, the types of testing that should be conducted on the fluid or oil …

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Jul
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The pharmaceutical industry is an important component of health care systems around the world that provides a great variety of medicines for numerous health care needs. Both public and private organizations contribute to the effort…

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Mar
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Construction and installation of renewable energy systems and power generation plants is becoming more common worldwide for both environmental and financial reasons. Obviously, renewable energy plays an important role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Using…

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Mar
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The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) reports annually on large-loss fires and explosions that occurred in the United States the year before. Those fires are defined as events that result in property damage of at…

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Nov
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Rising concern over cybersecurity is being driven by high-profile data breaches and the growing realization that potential revenue losses from cyber risks can rival those of business interruptions and natural disasters. The scale of cyber…

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